OK, so you want a new pair of sunglasses, and you really like to look cool. But there is more to choosing sunglasses just because they are the latest craze. There are lots of other factors to consider when picking a pair of sunglasses.
Protection from the sun is a given in choosing sunglasses. Still, few people understand the effects of harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays, the different impacts of sunglass tints and the real reason why some sunglasses are so very cheap and others are costly.
Other things to consider in choosing a pair of sunglasses vary from the personal – your face shape, skin complexion, and so on – to the practical, like image clarity, robustness, weight and cost.
The most crucial factor to consider in buying sunglasses is the lens. These can be composed of glass, polyurethane, polycarbonate or acrylic. Each has its advantages and drawbacks.
Glass has the best optical clarity and is less likely to get scratches, but it is heavier and pricier than alternatives and is less resistant to impact.
Polyurethane will also give high clarity and excellent impact resistance. It's light and flexible, but it is also the most expensive, especially if it has extra coated layers.
Polycarbonate also scores well on impact resistance, is light, flexible and cheap, but it does scratch more quickly and does not have the clarity of glass or polyurethane.
Acrylic is cheaper but scores less well on all the other points. It is much less durable, and the sunglasses may have some image distortion.
Whatever type of lens you choose, it will undoubtedly come with some colour tinting, and each type has its strength. All sunglass lens tints reduce overall brightness and protect the eyes from the glare, but they will differ in colour, contrast and depth of field vision.
Colour neutral tints such as grey and green lenses filter out light right across the spectrum. Yellow and amber lenses are best in low-level white light and offer good depth perception, ideal for a skiing holiday, for example. Drivers should choose red or rose-tinted sunglasses as these work best in low light conditions, offering good depth of field.
Mirror lenses may look stylish, but they mainly reduce glare by reflecting much of the light away from the eye, so clarity is reduced. Images will appear much darker than they actually are.
It is a good idea to have different sunglasses for different seasons of the year. In the summer, when the sun is brightest, a darker shade will reduce glare, while in the winter, lighter lens shades will improve visibility in low levels of sunlight.
Sunglasses can come with several coating layers, and the more expensive they are, the higher the number of coatings they are likely to have. Coatings on sunglasses can help to repel water, reduce scratching and prevent misting.
Lenses are usually made using one of two methods. Injection offers greater optical clarity, but it comes at a price. Cheaper lenses are bent into shape and come with a range of expensive high-end sunglasses using a longer process to achieve higher optical clarity.
Polarised lenses are great for those who don't like glare or if you enjoy water sports. Special filters in polarised sunglass lenses block out horizontal light waves but let vertical waves through, substantially reducing glare without loss of clarity, especially from large flat surfaces such as lakes or seas. Again, you get what you pay for. Cheaper sunglasses have a polarising filter applied as an external film coating, while more expensive models sandwich the polarising layer inside the lens with adhesive. The latest technology allows the polarising filter to be bonded with the lens. At the same time, it is still liquid form with no need for adhesives that can affect the optical quality.
Always look at the label. UV protection information should be printed on the tag or sticker and if it is missing, put them back on the rack. Beware too of heavily tinted sunglasses with limited UV protection, and they can do more harm than good.